Arterial occlusion affects the flow of oxygen-rich blood to your tissues and organs. Without proper care, arterial occlusion may lead to tissue death. Somerset Surgical Associates, LLC, in Somerville, New Jersey, performs endovascular surgery using the most advanced tools and techniques to treat arterial occlusion. Call or schedule an appointment online today.

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What is arterial occlusion?

Arterial occlusion means there’s a narrowing or blockage in the flow of blood through an artery. Your arteries deliver oxygen-rich blood to your organs and tissues. Lack of oxygen-rich blood leads to tissue death.

The blockages most often affect the peripheral arteries in the arms or legs. People with peripheral vascular disease (PVD) are at a greater risk of arterial occlusion.

What are the symptoms of arterial occlusion?

Leg pain and cramps are the most common symptoms of arterial occlusion. These symptoms may occur suddenly or develop gradually over time. You may also notice your skin is pale or blue and cold to the touch.

Over time, you may have burning or numbness in the leg and difficulty using it, indicating you have nerve damage.

What tests diagnose arterial occlusion?

Health care providers use special tests to assess blood flow through your arteries to diagnose arterial occlusion. Testing includes:

Ankle-brachial index (ABI)

An ABI compares blood pressure in your legs to the blood pressure in your arms.

Duplex ultrasound

Duplex ultrasound is an imaging test that looks at the flow of blood through your arteries to find areas of narrowing or blockages.


Arteriography is an X-ray that uses a contrast dye to get clear images of your blood vessels.

Your provider at Somerset Surgical Associates, LLC, reviews your diagnostic testing to determine the best course of treatment.

What are the treatments for arterial occlusion?

Somerset Surgical Associates, LLC, performs various procedures, including minimally invasive endovascular revascularization, to treat an arterial occlusion. Your provider reviews the details of your procedure at your consultation so you know what to expect.

Surgical treatments include:

Angioplasty and stenting

Angioplasty and stenting is a minimally invasive procedure that opens up the blocked artery to improve blood flow.

During the surgery, your provider inserts a catheter into a vein in your groin and advances it towards the blocked artery. They inflate a balloon to open the area and put in a stent (mesh-like device) to keep the blood vessel open.


For an endarterectomy, your provider makes an incision in your blocked artery and removes the plaque (fat and minerals).

Peripheral bypass surgery

Peripheral bypass surgery uses a graft that bypasses the blocked artery to restore blood flow.

Somerset Surgical Associates, LLC, uses the most advanced surgical tools and techniques when performing surgery to get you the best outcomes.

To learn more about treatment options for arterial occlusion, call Somerset Surgical Associates, LLC, or schedule an appointment online today.